AFI Standards for cashew part 1


Specifications for Cashew Kernels

General Requirements
A. Each shipment to the U.S. shall be of good quality and be stored in accordance with good commercial practice. No live infestation is permitted.
B. The cashews shall be packed in new, clean, dry, leak-proof, lead-free containers with an airtight (hermetic) seal and without internal paper liners. Packaging shall be of sufficient strength to assure the integrity of the product during normal shipment and storage. The outer container shall be constructed of a new cardboard, free of infestation and visual mold and sealed without staples,unless otherwise specified by the end user. Cartons must be a minimum of 200-pound test, 32 ECT. Only food-grade CO2 is permitted.
C. Only pesticides approved for use on cashews may be used and residues must be within the tolerances set by the government of the importing country. No detectable residue is permitted for any pesticide that is not approved for use on cashews in the importing country. In the United States, the only pesticides approved for use on cashews and the residue limits for those pesticides are as follows: Flutriafol – .02 ppm; Phosphine – .1 ppm. Fumigation with/use of methyl bromide and Naphthalene are prohibited.
D. All cartons shall be clearly marked with the following:
1. Name of the product and trade name or brand name, if any.
2. Name and address of producer or packer.
3. Grade.
4. Net weight.
5. Country of Origin.
6. Buyer’s name or marks.
7. Destination.
8. Other marks agreed to by buyer and seller.
Lot numbers or production codes must be marked legibly on the outside of the cartons, in accordance with the laws of the country of destination.
E. Bill of Lading must list the number of cartons, source of origin, and the marks that are on the cartons.
F. All shipments shall be inspected prior to loading and shall be carried on conveyances suitable for transporting food products in good condition, i.e. free of odors, insect or mold damage, rodent activity, and all other foreign materials.
G. The moisture level of the cashews shall be 3%-5%, as determined by the AOAC reference method.
H. If a roast test is required in a contract, it should be conducted in accordance with Appendix II. (Scrapes)
I. Strong blocking is not permitted. Strong blocking is defined as blocking which cannot be freed other than with the use of external tools.
J. Cashew kernels shall be free of hard or sharp foreign objects and hair.

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